Possible Solutions

Possible Solutions

Have you ever seen any of these on the road?

Below is a series of improvements that can make Napier Avenue a more pedestrian-friendly and bikable corridor. These types of pedestrian and bicycle facilities will be mentioned throughout this planning process, so feel free to reference this list often!

The following definitions and terminology are taken from the Michigan Department of Transportation (MDOT) Bicycle and Pedestrian Terminology Guide.

Buffered Bike Lane

» A bicycle lane accompanied by a designated buffer space, separating the bicycle lane from the adjacent travel lane.


Bus Routes

» Services provided on a repetitive, fixed schedule basis along a specific route with rubber-tired passenger vehicles stopping to pick up and deliver passengers to specific locations; each fixed route trip serves the same origins and destinations.

» Vehicles may be powered by diesel, gasoline, battery, or alternative fuel engines contained within the vehicle.

» This definition does not include demand responsive and vanpool services.



» That part of a roadway at an intersection that is included within the extensions of the lateral lines of the sidewalks on opposite sides of the roadway, measured from the curb line, or in the absence of curbs from the edges of the roadway.

» Also, any portion of a roadway at an intersection or elsewhere that is distinctly indicated for pedestrian crossing by lines or other markings on the surface.


Curb Ramp

» A combined ramp and landing to accomplish a change in level at a curb. This element provides street and sidewalk access to pedestrians using wheelchairs, strollers or other devices with wheels.


Median Island

» An island in the center of a road that physically separates the directional flow of traffic that provides pedestrians with a place of refuge, reducing the crossing distance between safety points.


Mid-Block Crosswalk (Signalized)

» Midblock crosswalks facilitate crossings to places that people want to go but that are not well served by the existing traffic network.

» These are typically located in the middle of long blocks or where signalized intersections are spaced very far apart.

Paved Shoulder

» The portion of the roadway contiguous with the traveled way that accommodates stopped vehicles, emergency use, and lateral support of sub-base, base, and surface courses. Shoulders, where paved, are often used by bicyclists.


Pedestrian Hybrid Beacon (Signalized Crosswalk)

» The pedestrian hybrid beacon (also known as the High-intensity Activated crossWALK, or HAWK) is a pedestrian-activated device used to warn and control traffic at a non-signalized location to assist pedestrians in crossing at a marked crosswalk.

» The beacon head consists of two red lenses above a single yellow lens. The beacon head is “dark” until the pedestrian desires to cross the street and the device is activated.

Protected Bike Lane

» On-street bike lane with some kind of protection from moving vehicles.

» Protection could come from bollards, parked cars, planters, or curbs.

Shared Use Path

» A bikeway physically separated from motor vehicle traffic by an open space or barrier, either within the highway right of way or an independent right of way.

» Shared use paths also may be used by pedestrians, skaters, wheelchair users, joggers, and other non-motorized users.

» Most shared use paths are designed for two-way travel. Its minimum width is 10 feet.

» It is separated from vehicular traffic either by a barrier or a minimum lateral separation of 5 feet.


Sidewalk (Adjacent to Roadway)

» That portion of a street or highway right of way, beyond the curb or edge of roadway pavement, which is intended for use by pedestrians.

» In many cases, there are "choke points" where the width of the public right-of-way does only allows for a sidewalk directly adjacent to the curb of the roadway.


Sidewalk (Separated from Roadway)

» That portion of a street or highway right of way, beyond the curb or edge of roadway pavement, which is intended for use by pedestrians.

» When enough public right-of-way exists, some sidewalks can be separated from the roadway by way of a planting strip.


Traditional Bike Lane

» A portion of roadway that has been designated for preferential or exclusive use by bicyclists with pavement markings and signs, if used.

» It is intended for one-way travel, usually in the same direction as the adjacent traffic lane (unless designed as a contra-flow lane).